The German custom of Bleigießen, or lead pouring, is known in English as molybdomancy, "a form of divination by observing the behavior of molten lead" (OED). To participate, a person melts a tiny blob of lead by holding it in a spoon over a candle or other small flame. After pouring the lead into a bowl of water, the shape is "interpreted" with various patterns portending certain events and changes. It reminds me of the time Harry Potter's Divination Class read tea leaves; I believe it has about the same accuracy rate. For instance, a lead blob that comes out looking like an apple signifies that your trust will be broken. Moon shaped blob? You'll be honored soon. Germans can buy Bleigießen sets which include the spoon, lead blobs, and interpretations. You can check out more meanings here.
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Ded Moroz even has GLONASS tracking so that children can watch his flight to distribute presents, just like Santa uses NORAD. Check out more about that here.
Craving even more fun New Year's customs? Check out this entry from a few years back. The staff at the Mississippi Library Commission hope that you have a fantastic 2015! Happy New Year!
New year's day (Russia). (2010). In Holidays, festivals, and celebrations of the world dictionary. Retrieved from http://search.credoreference.com/content/entry/hfcwd/new_year_s_day_russia/0
New year's eve (Spain). (2010). In Holidays, festivals, and celebrations of the world dictionary. Retrieved from http://search.credoreference.com/content/entry/hfcwd/new_year_s_eve_spain/0
Silvester. (2007). In Collins german dictionary. Retrieved from http://search.credoreference.com/content/entry/collinsgerman/silvester/1